Port Royal on the Annapolis Basin in Nova Scotia was the very first French settlement in North America. It served as the capitol of Acadia (the North-Eastern-most colony of New France) from 1605 until the English burned it down in 1613. The French then moved their settlement nearby (8km or 5mi), retaining the name of Port Royal until the English conquest in 1710 at the Siege of Port Royal (after six attacks by the British), at which point it was renamed in honour of Queen Anne, and still retains the name of Annapolis Royal.
The town was the Capitol of Acadia until the founding of the province of Nova Scotia and it wasn't until 1749 when the city of Halifax was founded that the capitol was moved to Halifax. The French made six attempts to regain their territory with no luck. To this date, this city holds the record for the most sieges in North American History with a total of 13. The last being a raid on the town in the American Revolution. The history behind this town is quite remarkable and is now a National Landmark. The original Port Royal also houses the Port Royal National Historic Site where a replica of the original dwellings of the French can be seen. A wonderful piece of Canadian History!